The Beloved (pbuh) and prohibiting treachery

June 8, 2009 at 1:14 pm Leave a comment

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
والحمدلله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على أشرف الأنبياء  والمرسلين
In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful the Most Compassionate
All praise be to Allah, and may peace and blessings be upon the most noble of the Prophets and Messengers

“He has no faith who does not keep trust”

(Tabarani)

We are taught from a young age to be honest. Unfortunately, these values sometimes decline as we grow older and not just that, become one-dimensional. So, we think we are not treacherous if we are truthful most of the time. But we have obligations and a betrayal of these obligations is a form of treachery. What image did we give of the Messenger of Allah, and of Islam? Have we betrayed the trust of the message? Have we betrayed other Muslims? The Prophet (pbuh) said “Truly, Muslims live by their commitments.” (Al-Albany) How committed are we to “La ilaha ila Allah, Muhammad Rasul Allah”?

Look at how Abu Bakr (ra) learned from the Prophet (pbuh), and kept to his words. One day, while walking with a poor man, Jabir Ibn-Abdullah, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “O Jabir! If we got the fortunes of Al-Bahrain, I would give you so and so and so (meaning lots of it).”  However, the Prophet (pbuh) died before the Muslims could obtain such fortunes.  Succeeding the Prophet (pbuh), Abu-Bakr stood one day among the people and said: “Whoever that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is indebted to should come forward.”  So, Jabir went to him and told him about the Prophet’s promise to him.

Jabir says, “Abu-Bakr took an amount of money in his hand and gave them to me.  I counted the money and found it to be 500 dirhams.  I was about to leave, when Abu-Bakr said, ‘Wait! Take twice as that (twice the amount of money)’”.   “Why am I to take all of that?” asked Jabir.  “Prophet Muhammad told you ‘I would give you so and so and so’.  Thus, you should take thrice”, answered Abu-Bakr

Perhaps more importantly in these times, it is crucial to remember the Prophet (pbuh) warning against betraying a believer to a tyrant. A tyrant is one who can harm you… can you imagine the state of those who betray their believing brothers and sisters for money, status and power? Can we imagine their state on the day of Judgment? Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) says, “Once Allah wants to perish a servant, He would remove Haia’(modesty) from him.  Once Haia’ is removed from him you’ll find him nothing but despicable.  Once you find him despicable, honesty is removed from him.  Once honesty is removed from him you’ll find him nothing but a treacherous person.  Once you find him nothing but treacherous, mercy will be removed from him.  Once mercy is removed from him you find him nothing but a damned and a cursed person.” (Ibn-Majah)

Here we think of leaders, who have left Muslims to perish and even encouraged it, all for political gains. But have we betrayed them too, in return for our comfort and peace of mind? Have we done the simple thing, of signing petitions, writing letters, raising awareness? Or have we betrayed our brethren too? It is considered treachery in our religion is you give someone advice knowing that there is actually a better way (i.e. purposefully leading them to a path you know is less beneficial than another). Imagine, even at that level. So can we really say that we are truly honest people?

May Allah aid us in being honest in all our dealings and not be treacherous. Ameen.

Also, some people unfortunately can be under the mistaken impression that this applies to dealings with Muslims only and not to non-Muslims. We know that the Prophet (pbuh), even when he was being plotted against to be killed, gave Ali (ra) all of the possessions that were given to him to safeguard as a trust to be returned to the owners. We can see that when the Muslims took refuge in Abyssinia, they benefitted the society and did not betray the implied trust that they could seek refuge in return for conducting themselves appropriately at the very least. One of the scholars, Ibn Qudāmah, said “It is prohibited to betray them [non-Muslims in non-Muslim countries] because there is an unspoken covenant to enter in safety on the condition that the Muslim does not betray or oppress them. So whoever enters our lands in safety and betrays us violates this security agreement. This is prohibited because it involves treachery which is forbidden in our religion.” [Al-Mughni 9/237].

It applies even to simple things: Abdullah Ibn-Abu-Al-Hamsaa’ related this incidence: “Before the Prophet’s revelation (before he was sent by Allah as a Messenger), I had a purchase business with him.  I did not pay a part of the money, so, I promised to bring it to him at a certain place.  It happened that I forgot all about the appointment and remembered after 3 days.  I hurried to the place and amazingly enough I found him there.  ‘O lad! You have made it so hard for me.  I have been waiting for you here for three days.’” Being treacherous is so hated the Prophet (pbuh) even said: “Pay the deposit to him who deposited it with you, and do not betray him who betrayed you” (Abu Dawud)

May Allah aid us in being honest in all our dealings and not be treacherous. Ameen.
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